Who, When, Where

Who, When, Where

Uniforms of the Confederate and Union Armies – Library of Congress

It’s said that no other topic has more written about it than the American Civil War.    Every aspect of the war has been documented, dissected, debated, and written about for the last 150 years.  What could I possibly add of value to that legacy?  I had a story worth telling, but to do so, I’d have first to make sure I had a working grasp of the war. In particular, I had to understand the conflict’s timeline: the who, when, and where of the war.  Fortunately, I only need to track the war until Gettysburg. That is where the war part of the story ends in July 1863. Luckily the Internet had just about all I needed to get started.  Reputable resources abound, so it is not hard to find accurate, well-presented information. 

Here are a few sites I found helpful:

American Battlefield Trust (Gettysburg)
Essential Civil War Curriculum
76th New York State Volunteers “The Cortland Regiment”
Shapell Civil War Manuscripts
Library of Congress (LOC)
Crossroads of War
The National Park Service –


Interactive map of Battle of Gettysburg
LOC Civil War Maps
ESRI Civil War Battlefield  GIS Mapping
The Civil War Animated Map (video)

Who is Who

Major Andrew J. Glover killed at Gettysburg.

Finding information is easy. The challenge for the Civil War novice is keeping track of who is who.  Generals come and go on both sides, officers fall on the battlefield and are replaced.  The crazy thing is, high-level officers on both sides know one another. Many attended West Point or served together in other conflicts. Think of it as going to war against the guys down the hall in your college dorm.

It’s also helpful to know the army command structure:  a Company is part of a Regiment which is a part of a Brigade, that makes up a Division, that is part of a Corps, which is the Army.  Why do you need to know this?  Descriptions and maps of various battles often reference troop movements at the brigade or division levels, typically called by the commanding officer’s name.  Since brigades and divisions also have official number designations, they can also be referred to by number.

At Gettysburg, the NY 76th (and Hannibal Howell) was part of the 2nd Brigade, commanded by Brigadier General Lysander Cutler, sometimes called “Cutler’s Brigade.”  The NY 76th was part of the 1st Division, 1st Corps at that time.  The commander of the 76th Regiment was Major Andrew J. Glover.  Before enlisting, major Glover was the pastor of the First Methodist Episcopal church in Cortland, NY.  Shot four times at the Battle of Gainesville, he returned to command shortly before Gettysburg.  He was shot along with his horse and killed at about the same time as Hannibal in the first 30 minutes. Captain John E. Cook took command.

Further muddying the water, brigades can be referred to by nicknames like the “Iron Brigade,” “Lightning Brigade,” “Excelsior Brigade,” “Irish Brigade,” to name a few.

So… now you know!

Confederate Brigades

  1. McGowan’s Brigade
  2. Brockenbrough’s Brigade
  3. Pettigrew’s Brigade
  4. Archer’s Brigade
  1. Scales’ Brigade
  2. Hood’s Texas Brigade or Hood’s Brigade and Texas Brigade
  3. Western Confederate Brigade
  4. Orphan Brigade
  5. 1st Missouri Brigade
  6. Stonewall Brigade or 1st Brigade or both
  7. Alabama Brigade
  8. Louisiana Tigers
  9. Shelby’s Iron Brigade (Cavalry)
  10. Grey Wolves Brigade
  11. Butternut Brigade
    16.State Brigade (Virginia, Arkansas, etc)
  12. Rebel’s Brigade
  13. 1776 Brigade
  14. Blackbeard’s Brigade (Yes the Pirate)
  15. 1st- Brigade/Battalion/Volunteer/Regular/Reserve/etc
  16. Lee’s Brigade
  17. Longstreet’s Brigade
  18. Cross Brigade
  19. The Bloody Brigade
  20. Red Brigade
  21. Confederate Irish Brigade
  22. Johnny Reb’s Boys
  23. Wild Hogs Brigade (Arkansas)
  24. Old Horse Brigade (Cavalry)
  25. Mississippi Brigade (Barksdale’s Brigade)
  26. Rattlesnake Brigade
  27. (Your Name) Brigade
  28. Sic Semper Tyrannis Brigade
  29. Manassas Brigade or 1st and 2nd Manassas Brigade
  30. Shenandoah Brigade
  31. Washington’s Brigade
  32. Cardinal Brigade
  33. Raven Brigade

Union Brigades

  1. Vermont Brigade or 1st Vermont Brigade use both if wanted
  2. 2nd Vermont Brigade
  3. Gibraltar Brigade
  4. Philadelphia Brigade
  5. Irish Brigade
  6. Lightning Mule Brigade
  7. Lightning Brigade (mounted Infantry)
  8. Iron Brigade/Eastern Iron Brigade/Western Iron Brigade
  9. 1st- U.S. infantry/artillery/cavalry/sharpshooters
  10. 1st- U.S. Volunteers
  11. 1st- U.S. Reserves
  12. 1st- U.S. Battalion
  13. U.S. Marines
  14. Lincoln’s Brigade
  15. State Brigades (Ohio, Indiana, New York, etc)
  16. Highlander Brigade
  17. Polish Legion (regiment from new york but it works)
  18. German Legion
  19. Fire Brigade
  20. Blue Coats Brigade (British Brigade)
  21. Celtic Brigade
  22. Republican Brigade
  23. Freedom Brigade
  24. Eagle Brigade
  25. Sumter Brigade
  26. 1783 Brigade
  27. America Brigade
  28. Stars Brigade
  29. California Column
  30. Mississippi Marine Brigade
  31. Spinola brigade
  32. U.S. Horse Artillery Brigade
  33. Blue Jay Brigade
  34. Crow’s Brigade
  35. Robin’s Brigade
  36. Excelsior Brigade
  37. Michigan Brigade (cavalry)
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