The New York 76th Volunteer Regiment
Hannibal’s regiment, the NY 76th, is well-documented. There is a website devoted to the NY 76th and a history of the regiment written shortly after the war by AP Smith. who served in the 76th The NY 76th fought in almost all the major battles of the war. Here is what I know: Hannibal died at Gettysburg on the first day of the three-day battle, probably in the first 30 minutes of fighting. He saw action in the epic battles of Antietam, South Mountian, and Fredricksburg, among others. His youngest brother Tappan, who enlisted along with Hannibal and brother Byron, died at the Battle of South Mountain almost a year before Gettysburg. Tappan is buried at Antietam National Cemetery, Plot 460.
In short, I know where Hannibal and his brothers were and what they did between Sept 1861 and July 1863 because I know what the NY 76th did. Bryon contracted typhus and pneumonia in the first six months and was discharged. What Hannibal and Tappan did as soldiers during their service is beyond comprehension. They endured unimaginable hardships and witnessed death and destruction on a massive scale. Incredibly the Howell brothers, like thousands of other men at the time, voluntarily agreed to three years of service.
The regiment lost a total of 330 men during service; 12 officers and 161 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 156 enlisted men died of disease. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg. The final unit to serve mustered out in January 1885.
Battles through Gettysburg
|Organized at Cortland and Albany, N.Y.|
|January 16||Mustered in under Colonel Nelson W. Green, Lieutenant Colonel John D. Shaul and Major Charles E. Livingston|
|January 17||Left State for Washington, D.C.|
|January||Duty in the Defenses of Washington D.C. attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|March||Assigned to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington. During this time, Colonel Green was ordered before an examining court at the behest of the officers of the regiment, and he was ordered to be mustered out of service. Lieutenant Colonel Shaul took command of the regiment.|
|May||Duty at and near Fredericksburg, Va., assigned to Doubleday’s Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock|
|June||Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia. Lieutenant Colonel Shaul was ordered to Washington for sick leave, and Colonel William P. Wainwright was appointed to command the regiment.|
|Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
The regiment lost 1 officer and 36 men killed or mortally wounded, 9 officers and 66 men wounded, and 35 men missing.
|August 20-23||Fords of the Rappahannock|
|August 28||Battle of Brawner’s Farm |
Captain Andrew J. Grover was twice wounded and received an honorable discharge for disability but recovered enough to return and command the regiment at Gettysburg. Major Livingstone was captured rallying the regiment around colors he planted in front of the Confederate lines.
The regiment is referenced on a trailside marker along the Brawner’s Farm loop trail on the Bull Run battlefield.
|August 29-30||Second Battle of Bull Run, or Second Battle of Manassas|
|September 6-22||Maryland Campaign. Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|September 14||Battle of South Mountain |
The regiment lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, and Colonel Wainwright and 15 men were wounded out of only 40. Sergeant Stamp was killed while bearing the national colors. After Colonel Wainwright was wounded, First Lieutenant Crandall took command of the remnants of the regiment.
|September 16-17||Battle of Antietam
The regiment lost 3 officers and 1 enlisted man wounded.
From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:
Hofmann’s Brigade was held in support of the Corps Artillery.
|October 29-November 19||Advance to Falmouth|
|November 11||Lieutenant Colonel Shaul was honorably discharged on account of physical disability,|
|November 20||Major Livingston, who had been exchanged for a Confederate naval captain, was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|December 12-15||Battle of Fredericksburg
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Wainwright, who had recovered from his wound at South Mountain. It lost 1 officer and 2 enlisted man killed, and 1 officer and 12 men wounded.
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|February-April||At Falmouth and Belle Plains|
|April||Andrew Jackson Grover re-enrolled and mustered as major after recuperating from his wound at Gainsville.|
|April 27-May 6.||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29-May 2||Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek
The regiment lost 1 officer wounded
|May 2-5||Battle of Chancellorsville
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Wainwright, and lost 2 men wounded.
|May||Three years men from the 24th and 30th New York Infantry transferred in|
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
|June 25||Colonel Wainwright was appointed Provost Marshal of the District of Columbia; Lieutenant Colonel Livingston took command of the regiment.|
|July 1-3||Battle of Gettysburg |
The regiment was commanded by Major Andrew Glover, who was killed on the 1st in fighting near the Railroad Cut west of Gettysburg. Captain John E. Cook then took over command. The regiment brought 375 men to the field and lost Major Grover, Captain Robert B. Everett and 30 men killed, 3 officers and 13 me mortally wounded, 13 officers and 103 men wounded, and 70 men missing.